Processes of Making
the process of making can take place, the maker requires a detailed plan of the
object to make, a list of materials and a step by step plan showing in what
order things should be done and the tools and equipment required at each stage..
this has two advantages, the information can be used to get the resources ready
at the time that they are needed and parts can be identified from a list or
drawing and checked for marking out or what is to be done to them.
material that is to be used needs to be selected for its suitability. The weight
that it has to take, the properties or the finish that is required can determine
whether or not one piece is suitable or should be replaced. Material size would
require checking. A lot of preparation can be avoided if at the design stage,
the use of standard or stock sizes is considered.
Out and Coding
of the most crucial stages of making is to ensure that materials are accurately
measured and/or marked. It is a pointless exercise to continue with cutting or
processing the material if the measuring or marking out is wrong. There is a
craft saying; measure and mark twice, cut once.
code or label for each piece is a helpful method of identifying each part and
its relationship to others. Use the correct tools for measuring and marking.
Avoid pen where possible as this may permanently stain or contaminate some
materials and their surfaces. Ensure that each component has your name on it or
is labelled. Small or granular components can be sealed in a polythene bag or
container. Consider special requirements for materials prone to property
changes if stored incorrectly. For example, apply a light coat of oil if there
are ferrous metals included.
Try to identify all materials that require the same process and organise your working area to carry that process out. If one part requires sawing then identify all the parts that need the same process and do them at the same time. If making is done in this way it ensures a more economic use of time and resources. It will follow that work surfaces do not get cluttered with unnecessary equipment and will lead to an improved and safe working environment. Try to think in advance of activities to ensure equipment and safety measures are given due thought.
or Patterns are prepared and marked out at this stage.
repetitive tasks are to be carried out, use jigs, patterns or measuring devices
to check the quality and accuracy of the parts being made. If checks are made on
a regular basis it will give confidence to things fitting and working properly
rather than having to keep trying parts together.
plan that you have produced before making will allow you to concentrate upon the
manufacturing processes and avoid problems of sequence.
with other students there will be times when, because some machines, equipment
and tools are in short supply, you could be kept waiting. Develop a plan that
makes allowances for such circumstances and plan alternatives to overcome such
difficulties. Specific time other than in lessons can be made available on a
regular basis to accommodate reasonable needs and requests.
manufacturing, it is important to ensure that pieces are not lost, mislaid or
suffer damage. Take personal responsibility for safely storing work. If parts
need to be left overnight then ensure that they are put away at the beginning of
the next day.
processes can be time consuming. Watching glue, paint or varnish dry is a
comment often made to indicate poor organisation. Try to anticipate these time
of material to receive its finish is a crucial stage of making. The visual
impression of a product is very important and not hard to achieve if carried out
correctly. This process is not to be seen as only needing to be carried out at
the point where the product is completed. Some areas that would be difficult to
finish properly once assembled should have the finish applied beforehand and
care taken to protect those areas. Those awkward bits and corners can be more
successfully finished before they are put together.
when finishing is important. Putting a final finish on your work when the
environment is dusty will just cause further work.
time must be allowed for the product to be tested (against the specification).
Some tests may be needed whilst the work is in progress. Remember to make a
diary of events, difficulties, how they were overcome, changes to plans,
recording of tests and present them in your coursework folder presentation.
Products are not only tested by consumers, but also during the process of design
and manufacture. A small part may need testing separately before it is
are mainly based upon the success of the final product and the processes that
lead up to its final completion.
specification set at the early stages of identifying the need is compared to
what has been made. An evaluation should also contain comments relating to the
time when it was being made and whether procedures, quality assurance, processes
and organisation could be improved.
Further guidance sheets and resources for carrying out an evaluation are normally available from staff.
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